Venezuela releases Americans held in prisoner swap


US-Venezuela prisoner exchange

CITGO Oil Managers Jose Angel Pereira (left to right), Gustavo Cardenas, Jorge Toledo, Jose Luis Zambrano, Tomeu Vadell and Alirio Jose Zambrano in front of the Bolivarian National Intelligence Service.


(Photo: dpa)

Washington/Caracas In a rare prisoner swap, the authoritarian government in Caracas has held several for years Venezuela imprisoned Americans released. In return, the US authorities put two in the United States convicted relatives of Venezuelan President Nicolás maduro at large.

US President Joe Biden and Foreign Minister Antony Blinken announced the release on Saturday. The exchange for two of Maduro’s wife’s nephews was confirmed by a White House official.

Most of the seven released are former oil managers from Citgo, the US subsidiary of the state-owned Venezuelan oil company PDVSA. They were arrested in Venezuela in 2017 and sentenced to long prison terms in a corruption trial in 2020. Six of those released are US citizens and one is a permanent US resident.

The US government criticized the trial against the “Citgo 6” as politically motivated and unfair. One of the six Citgo managers originally convicted was released in March after talks between the US and Venezuela. At the time, observers saw the release as a gesture of goodwill on the part of Maduro.

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The Venezuelan government confirmed the exchange. “We would like to inform our people and the international community that after a series of discussions with the US government, we have secured the release of two unlawfully detained young men,” the government said in a statement. “Additionally, judicial authorities have decided to release a group of convicted US citizens on humanitarian grounds.”

For years, the United States had been trying to free the remaining five Citgo managers and other Americans, including a Navy veteran. When it became clear that this could be achieved by pardoning Maduro’s wife’s two nephews, President Biden made the “difficult decision” to grant the wish, the senior US official said. He emphasized that such steps would remain a rare exception: “To assume otherwise would be a wrong conclusion from it.”

Efrain Antonio Campo Flores and Franqui Francisco Flores de Freitas

Efrain Antonio Campo Flores (2nd from left) and Franqui Fancisco Flores de Freitas together with the police when they were arrested in 2015.


(Photo: Reuters)

The nephews of Venezuela’s First Lady Cilia Flores were each sentenced to 18 years in prison for drug trafficking in the United States in 2017. Franqui Flores and Efraín Campo were arrested in Haiti in 2015 and extradited to the United States for attempting to smuggle large quantities of cocaine into the United States.

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According to the investigators, they were not particularly skillful. At the time, given the tensions between Washington and Caracas, Maduro said it was a political action by the United States to attack his wife.

Against the background of the Russian war of aggression in the Ukraine there had recently been talks between representatives of the US and Maduro governments in Venezuela. Although the United States has also imposed numerous sanctions on Venezuela, Venezuela, which is quite close to the United States, has the largest oil reserves in the world.

The US has banned imports of Russian oil over the attack on Ukraine. Alongside Cuba and Nicaragua, Venezuela is one of Russia’s closest allies in Latin America, but it also wants to boost its ailing oil economy.

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