To November 9 – At the end of this day – Culture


On November 7, 1938, the young Herschel Grünspan shot and killed an employee at the German embassy in Paris. An act in the spirit of despair as revenge and protest against the forced and inhumane deportation of 17,000 German Jews to Poland, including Grünspan’s parents. Grünspan’s resistance is hardly present in today’s collective memory. The fact that Jews defended themselves against the inhumanity of the Nazis has hardly been accepted in the general historical picture. For the Nazi leadership, however, the act was the ideal occasion to let go of the anti-Semitic mob. The November pogroms were by no means “spontaneous demonstrations”. They were neatly orchestrated and staged acts of violence by SA and SS troops.



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