Shanghai Group summit: Xi Jinping warns of riots and interference

Shanghai Group Summit
Xi Jinping warns of riots and interference

Xi Jinping at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit.  Photo: Uzbekistan Foreign Ministry/AP/dpa

Xi Jinping at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit. photo

© Uzbekistan Foreign Ministry/AP/dpa

The nine states of the Shanghai Group want to create an alternative to the Western, democratic world order. But the forum is more of a stage for autocrats - like Putin or Xi Jinping.

Urgently has China's head of state and party leader Xi Jinping warned members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) against popular uprisings and foreign interference. "We must prevent foreign forces from instigating 'color revolutions'," the Chinese president said on the final day of the group of states summit on Friday in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Together, the members would have to resist "interference in internal affairs under any pretext."

Political movements of the past few decades that aimed to overthrow autocratic systems are referred to as "color revolutions". Democratic transformations in several countries in the 2000s were often by color or even Plant named and mostly also supported by democratic forces from abroad.

The world is entering a "new phase of turbulence and change," Xi Jinping warned in his speech. "The fog of the century's pandemic has not yet cleared, the smoke of local conflicts is rising again, the mentality of the cold War and bloc politics have returned." Unilateralism and protectionism are on the rise. Economic globalization is encountering countercurrents. "Humanity is at a crossroads."

Putin shows that he is not isolated

Despite international ostracism for his invasion of Ukraine, Russia's president sought to demonstrate at the summit that he was by no means isolated. He once again accused the West of making mistakes, saying the world was undergoing a transformation that was "irreversible". New centers of power are emerging in the world, he said, also with a view to Russia's closer cooperation with its neighbor China. The Shanghai Group is now the largest regional organization and is open to new members.

For the first time in three years, the summit was held in the presence of the heads of state and government. Because of the pandemic, they had last held a virtual conference. Established in 2001 to fight terrorism, the group includes China, Russia, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. This time Iran was included, which, like Belarus and Mongolia, had observer status. The process for the admission of Belarus, which is considered the "last dictatorship in Europe", began. Partner countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey.

With membership, Iran wants to be part of a fair and balanced world order, said President Ebrahim Raisi. At the same time, he made serious allegations against the United States. "Our region has tasted the bitter taste of foreign intervention over the past few decades - and the result has been nothing but the creation of terrorism and the spread of insecurity." Iran is also ready to play an effective role in securing energy supplies, Raisi said.

"Declaration of Samarkand" adopted

The summit adopted a "Samarkand Declaration" on deepening cooperation. A number of documents on global food security, energy supply, climate change and ensuring reliable supply chains were also presented.

China's president called on members to fight drug smuggling, other transnational crimes and the "three evil forces": terrorism, separatism and religious extremism. China is willing to train 2,000 law enforcement officers from SCO member states and set up a counter-terrorism training center over the next five years.

To meet the world's needs, China will provide 1.5 billion yuan worth of food and humanitarian supplies to needy developing countries, Xi Jinping also announced.


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