Right-wing alliance triumphs, Meloni nominates Prime Minister

Rome Giorgia Meloni is the winner of the Italian parliamentary elections: according to initial projections, her post-fascist party Fratelli d’Italia won the most votes. Your aspired alliance, which also includes the right Lega of Matteo Salvini and the centre-right Forza Italia party of ex-Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi are likely to have more than half of the seats in Parliament, as the TV stations Rai and SkyTG24 reported unanimously on Monday night. The polling stations were still open until 11 p.m., and the official final result is not expected until Monday morning.

The right-wing bloc had already gone into the election as the clear favorite and, according to the projections, together accounted for 41 to 45 percent of the votes. Since the direct mandates have a special weight in Italian electoral law and the right-wing parties have done very well there, they will probably get a clear majority in both chambers of parliament.

According to calculations by the RAI television station, the right-wing alliance will win between 227 and 257 of the 400 seats in the Italian parliament and 111 to 131 of the 200 seats in the Senate.

The party of post-fascist Giorgia Meloni, Fratelli d’Italia will win 24.6 percent of the vote. 8.5 percent of the votes go to the Lega of former Interior Minister Matteo Salvini and 8 percent to the Forza Italia of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. According to initial projections by the TV station LA7, the right-wing alliance would receive 43.3 percent of the vote. The center-left block would therefore come to 25.4 percent.

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The gap between Fratelli d’Italia (FDI) and the second-placed Social Democrats (PD) is around five percentage points so great that victory can hardly be stolen from FDI founder Giorgia Meloni. As the head of the strongest party, the 45-year-old could lead the future government as Italy’s first female prime minister.

Meloni sees government contract with legal alliance

Meloni sees the government mandate in the right-wing camp under the leadership of her party. Based on the first projections, it can be said that the Italians sent a clear signal to the ballot boxes, Meloni said early Monday morning in Rome. She spoke of a “night of pride” and a “night of redemption”. She said to her followers that one was not at the place of arrival, but at the place of departure.

The Italian Social Democrats have already admitted defeat and want to go into opposition. That said Debora Serracchiani, the leader of the Partito Democratico (PD) in the House of Representatives, on Monday night.

With its center-left alliance, the previous governing party was clearly left behind by the right-wing bloc. “This is a sad day for our country,” Serracchiani said. Your party now has a “great responsibility, and we have to live up to it in Parliament”.

More than 50 million Italians were called to vote on Sunday. But fewer people went than ever before: voter turnout has fallen to a historically low level of just 64 percent. In the 2018 election it was around 73 percent.

The centre-left parties are fragmented

The left-wing parties did not campaign as a united force against the right-wing alliance. The alliance of Social Democrats, left-wing parties and Greens came to 25.5 to 29.5 percent according to the forecasts. The left-wing Five Star Movement landed between 13.5 and 17.5 percent of the vote. The central alliance lagged behind at 6.5 to 8.5 percent.

>> Read here: Risk of the Italian elections – the markets’ fear of a shift to the right

Melonis Fratelli d’Italia (Brothers of Italy) were the only major opposition force in Parliament, while the “Coalition of National Unity” led by Premier Mario Draghi reigned. It’s a remarkable rise: in the 2018 election, the radicals got just over four percent. Her decision not to join Draghi’s government allowed Meloni to further distinguish herself. Also because Lega and Forza Italia were part of the broad coalition, making FDI the only address for protest voters.

The party represents nationalist, EU-critical and sometimes racist positions. Meloni wants a “Europe of patriots” and is against, for example, giving homosexuals the right to adopt. She also spoke out decisively against migrants during the election campaign. The party, which was founded in 2012, has a flame in its national colors in its logo, which is intended to commemorate the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini.

Giorgia Meloni casts her vote at a polling station

The leader of the far-right Fratelli d’Italia party seems certain of victory.

(Photo: dpa)

In Europe, many partners had looked with concern at a possible Meloni victory – also because the Roman announced that she wanted to discuss the use of billions of dollars from the EU reconstruction fund and recently joined Victor Orban showed solidarity when the EU demoted the country to an autocracy.

Congratulations from AfD and PiS

Meloni received the first congratulations from Germany from the AfD: “We cheer with them Italy!” wrote Beatrix von Storch, member of the Bundestag, on Twitter. Her party colleague Malte Kaufmann tweeted: “A good day for Italy – a good day for Europe.” Poland’s Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki from the right-wing conservative PiS party also congratulated. In Hungary, parliamentarians posted photos of Orban with Salvini, Meloni and Berlusconi.

On the other hand, Katharina Barley, Vice-President of the EU Parliament, was concerned: Meloni’s “election campaign tactical lip service for Europe” could not hide the fact that she posed a danger to constructive cooperation in Europe, she said SPD-Politician of the “world”.

According to plan, the elections in Italy should not take place until the beginning of 2023. At the beginning of 2021, the centre-left coalition in power at the time broke up. Draghi, ex-head of the European Central Bank, was appointed head of government at the time without re-election. He initially ruled the country calmly and prudently through the corona crisis. But since the beginning of this year, the quarrels in the multi-party coalition have continued to increase. In July, the Five Star Movement withdrew its confidence in the prime minister over a bill – and Draghi resigned. But he is still in office until a new government is sworn in.

Experience has shown that this can take several weeks in Italy: the constitution stipulates that the parliamentary groups must be formed by October 13th. Only then can the President instruct the Prime Minister-designate to form a government. According to experts and election observers, it will take at least 30 days from the election for Draghi to be replaced in the Palazzo Chigi – by Meloni as it currently looks.

More: Alliance of Radicals – These right-wing parties want to rule Italy

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