Parliamentary elections in Estonia: Clear victory for Kaja Kallas – Politics
In the EU and NATO state bordering on Russia Estonia Prime Minister Kaja Kallas’ liberal business reform party clearly won the parliamentary elections. After an election campaign dominated by the consequences of the Ukraine war, the ruling party won 37 of 101 seats in parliament in Tallinn – three more than in the previous election in 2019. According to the election commission on Monday night, after counting all the votes, it remains the strongest force in the People’s Assembly in Tallinn, called Riigikoku.
Kallas has been at the head of government since 2021 – the first woman in Estonian history – and is considered one of the most resolute supporters of the Ukraine in Europe. The victory of her party in the Baltic state with around 1.2 million inhabitants had already become apparent before the election on Sunday. As the polls suggested, Kallas should now be able to continue governing. The 45-year-old is currently leading a three-party coalition with the Social Democrats (9 seats) and the conservative party Isamaa (8 seats), both of which lost seats.
Kallas initially left open whether she would continue the alliance or look for new coalition partners. All options should be discussed within the party beforehand. “Voters expect the reform party to take the lead in the new government. That much is certain,” said Kallas on election night, thanking the Estonians for the trust they had placed in them.
With more than 31,000 votes in her constituency, she set a record – more than anyone since Estonia’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Two opposition parties came in second and third: the right-wing populist party EKRE (17 seats) and the left-wing Center Party (16 seats), both of which lost a few seats. The liberal party Estonia 200 (14 seats) was the largest winner of the votes in parliament for the first time. Experts even consider participation in the government to be conceivable.
Russia’s war against Ukraine dominated the election campaign
One of the dominant issues in the election campaign was Russia’s war against Ukraine, which Estonia sees as a direct threat to national security. The country shares a nearly 300-kilometer border Russia. Since about a quarter of the residents are of Russian descent, the war sparked off sensitive social debates – for example about school lessons in Russian and how to deal with one’s own history and culture of remembrance.
Since Russia’s attack, Kallas has emerged as a staunch supporter of EU sanctions on Moscow and arms sales to Ukraine. Under her leadership, Estonia has given more than one percent of its economic output to Ukraine as military aid and taken in more than 60,000 war refugees. She is also resolutely calling for NATO’s eastern flank to be strengthened.
The election also included the possibility of early voting via the Internet, which Estonia was the first country in Europe to introduce a few years ago. This time more than a third of all those entitled to vote made use of “e-voting” – including President Alar Karis. Overall, more than half of all votes were cast digitally – a record. According to preliminary information from the electoral commission, turnout was 63.7 percent.