G-20 meeting in Bali: Harsh words against Russia – Politics

Russia is slipping deeper and deeper into isolation because of its war of aggression against Ukraine. At the G-20 summit in Bali on Tuesday, it unexpectedly found itself on the defensive as most of the represented industrial and emerging countries closed ranks. “Most members have it war in Ukraine sharply condemned and emphasized that it causes immense human suffering and exacerbates the existing vulnerability of the global economy,” says the draft of the final declaration, which the negotiators had agreed on before the heads of state and government began their consultations. The war is hampering this Growth, raising inflation, disrupting supply chains, increasing energy and food insecurity and exacerbating risks to financial stability.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD) praised the fact that there were now important clarifications at “a very crucial moment in this war”. This also applies to the statement in the summit draft that “the use of nuclear weapons is out of the question.” So far it has been “a very successful summit despite the depressing framework conditions”. The draft states that the states have reaffirmed their “national positions”. Explicitly mentioned, however, was the condemnation of the Russian invasion of Ukraine by the United Nations General Assembly with 141 votes in favour, five against and 35 abstentions. Although the G20 is not a forum that can resolve security issues, it is recognized that “security issues can have significant consequences for the global economy.”

Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo worked intensively on the joint statement

The draft now includes both Western and Russian perspectives on the war in Ukraine, said Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, who was attending the summit in place of President Vladimir Putin. Originally it was feared that the dispute over the Russian war of aggression and its consequences would block the G20.

It was particularly important to the host, Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo, that a joint statement be made. He had been working on it not only in the past few days, but also in the months leading up to the summit. Widodo opened the session with a clear statement: “If the war doesn’t end, it will be difficult for the world to move forward,” he said, without Russia to name directly. “We must not split the world into pieces. We must not allow the world to fall back into a new Cold War,” he warned.

The Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy campaigned from Kyiv for the support of the international community and presented a “vision for a path to peace”. The words of Russia cannot be trusted, which is why there can be no “Minsk 3” agreement. Prerequisites for peace include the release of all prisoners, the continuation of the grain agreement, the complete withdrawal of Russian troops and an international criminal court over Russian war criminals. Ukraine also needs security guarantees.

China did not join in condemning Russia, but apparently did not prevent it either

China did not join in the clear condemnation of Russia, but apparently did not prevent it either. The Chinese government is only generally calling for a ceasefire and peace negotiations, Chinese state media reported. President Xi emphasized this in talks with Biden and French President Emmanuel Macron.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for a return to diplomacy to end the war. “I have said repeatedly that we must find a way to return to the path of ceasefire and diplomacy in Ukraine,” Modi said. “The need of the hour is to show concrete and collective determination to ensure peace, harmony and security in the world.” For decades, Russia has been India’s top supplier of military equipment and the fourth largest market for Indian pharmaceuticals.

The G-20 countries are worried about the high level of debt in many developing and emerging countries. “We are concerned about the worsening debt situation in some vulnerable middle-income countries,” the draft reads. Without mentioning China by name, it says it is important that all official and private bilateral creditors should work together. In addition, more transparency is called for, which should apply to private and state creditors. The background is concerns that China no longer has an overview of the volume of loans granted to developing countries.

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