Strasbourg The European Parliament wants an import ban for numerous goods, when forests were cut down for their production. A large majority of MPs on Tuesday voted in favor of imposing due diligence requirements on companies.
At present, consumers cannot tell whether or not they are contributing to deforestation by purchasing a product, said die SPD- MP Delara Burkhardt before the vote.
Forests would be cut down on a large scale and fires cleared to make room for the production of goods such as palm oil, soybeans, cocoa, coffee, meat or leather. Her Green counterpart, Anna Cavazzini, emphasized that records in deforested areas had already been recorded in the Amazon in the first half of this year.
This worsens the climate crisis, since deforestation alone is responsible for eleven percent of man-made greenhouse gas emissions. Consumption in Europe makes a significant contribution to this. In addition to climate damage, there are also human rights violations against indigenous people.
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Before the vote, a group of indigenous people from South America complained that the rules did not go far enough. For example, the Amazon is protected, but other ecosystems are not, as they do not fall under the definition of forest provided by the law. They fear that environmental destruction and violence against indigenous people will spread to other areas.
The EU has not yet agreed
In order for the rules to come into force, the EU states and the Parliament still agree on a compromise. This process often takes several months. The EU states had already agreed on their position in June.
While countries want to apply the rules to goods such as palm oil, beef, coffee and leather, among others, Parliament wants to include more goods - including pork, poultry, corn, rubber and charcoal.
In addition, the deadline from which no forests may be cut down should be one year earlier than provided for in the Commission proposal. It is likely that, at the end of the day, it would have to be checked along the entire supply chain whether illegal or legal deforestation has taken place.