Eleven presidents in 23 years – an explanation of the crisis

Ehe legend says that two figures once rose from Lake Titicaca to found an empire, that of the Incas. Its center was Cusco, the “navel of the world”, still known to many tourists today because it is close to the famous Machu Picchu World Heritage Site. Cusco and the city of Puno, located on Lake Titicaca, are currently at the center of ongoing protests in the country, along with other rural locations Peru. This is no coincidence. The places are still home to many indigenous people and people of indigenous origin today. For decades they were forgotten by politics in Lima.

First a review. In 2021, Pedro Castillo, leading candidate of the Marxist-Leninist Perú Libre party, wins the presidential election. A big surprise, at least for many observers from the capital Lima. Before the run-off election, nobody there had the former village school teacher and trade unionist on their list. When a station showed the results of the first ballot, it didn’t even have a photo for Castillo. In the provinces, the jubilation was especially great after the second ballot. The rural population identified strongly with Castillo, who himself is from the countryside. Finally, according to the mood, one of their own has won.

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