Two studies show that attitudes towards refugees from Ukraine are positive. This is also reflected in the private willingness to accept.
BERLIN taz | Two new studies confirm that Germany shows great solidarity with refugees from Ukraine. Approval for the admission of those seeking protection and personal commitment was stronger this year than in 2015 and 2016 - when hundreds of thousands of people had also fled to Germany.
The German Center for Integration and Migration Research (DeZIM) examines in its published on Thursday study the private accommodation of war refugees in Germany. According to this, 80 percent of those who took in people from Ukraine would do so again. 82 percent said they had had good experiences accommodating those seeking protection.
For the study, the research institute in cooperation with the networking site #AccommodationUkraine By the end of July, more than 3,000 people who housed refugees had been interviewed, who had done so in the past or who had declared their willingness to do so on the site. More than half of the questioned hosts (58 percent) stated that it was their first involvement in the field of flight and asylum.
44 percent of the study participants had offered their ad via #AccommodationUkraine. According to the study, more than 150,000 people registered on the platform between March and September. By the end of September, 49,000 refugees had been placed in private accommodation. The people admitted were almost exclusively women and children.
Demand for integration through education remains strong
At the same time, the study also shows what needs to be improved when it comes to private accommodation: participants want more exchange with others, support with checklists or similar to prepare the accommodation and financial help.
The Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in Munich (ifo) also recorded in a publication that was also published on Thursday study a general goodwill towards the refugees from Ukraine. In the representative survey, the institution compares the approval of Germans for integration education for refugees in 2022 with the one in 2016.
58 percent of those surveyed stated that Ukrainian refugees had to be integrated immediately. Three quarters support the right to and the obligation to take state-funded German courses – a similar number as in 2016.
Level of education estimated lower in 2016
The difference between 2016 and 2022 is therefore mainly in the assessment of the skills that refugees already have when they come to Germany. This year, half of those surveyed rated the level of education of those seeking protection as high. For comparison: in 2016 it was only 23 percent. The situation is similar when it comes to the question of whether the refugees could reduce the shortage of skilled workers: in 2022, a narrow majority said yes, in 2016 it was just a third of those surveyed.
The ifo summarizes that the assessments of the population regarding the level of education of the refugees matched the assumptions of experts. Integration through education - such as language courses - is desired regardless of these assessments.