Climate Conference COP27: The results at a glance

Üthey were all exhausted after the marathon sessions on the World Climate Conference, which lasted all night from Saturday to Sunday. When the result finally came out around 6 a.m. after 36 hours of overtime, it was hard to tell from the tense faces whether it was disappointment, joy at what was achieved or simply relief that it was over. Of course, the emotional states also had something to do with the respective negotiating positions, and like much of what is in the final document, these often did not differ fundamentally from the front lines of the past, especially at last year’s conference in Glasgow.

the EU and allied states wanted to achieve an acceleration in the reduction of greenhouse gases, the “mitigation”. They insisted on the expansion of renewable energies and the reduction of fossil energies, they wanted to cement the global warming target of no more than 1.5 degrees by the end of the century, and they pushed for an ambitious work program that would run until 2030, if possible, to comply with, tighten up and control the national Reduction contributions from the industrialized countries (NDC). Annual reduction targets were desired, specifically tailored to the individual emission fields, e.g. for traffic, industry, power plants and buildings. Something similar already exists in the EU and in Germany.

Beijing wants to continue to be treated as an emerging country

At the other end of the spectrum were the usual slowdown countries such as the oil and gas producers, above all Saudi Arabia, as well as China, the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, with its allies; often states that are dependent on the money or the economic power of the People’s Republic. For years, the Chinese have blocked or watered down anything that could cause them to lose their privileged status as an emerging economy and rise to the ranks of the industrialized countries, that is, to move from a taker to a giver.

The fact that there were only dry compromises in “Scharm” is also due to the fact that Beijing sees itself as a coming superpower and always claims that as a strengthened “born again nation” it wants to take on more responsibility in a “multipolar world”, but that it actually does acts as a recipient country rather than as the second largest economy in the world.

Source link